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By Carole Rifkind

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See p. 44 for illustration. Window openings are spacious, lights are significantly larger, and muntins are thinly drawn. A is wide and tall characteristic Federal motif is the window set within a recessed arch [54; 56]. Cut-stone lintels have refined detailing, with splayed ends and projecting keystones Windows may [57]. also be capped by an entablature [56; 63]. The hipped roof is characteristic tall in the South for coolness, low in New England and con- — Elevation cealed by a balustrade cornice barely Compared Georgian design, Fedand ornamental vocabulary are to robust late eral proportions elegant and refined.

Decorative cast iron appears in porch and umns," the "grand" proportions of the entablature, the "spacious surface of the frieze," and the its — — The frame dwelling painted white is ubiqThe "better" house is brick, trimmed with wood or ashlar (square-cut) granite, sandstone, or published in Masonry craftsmanship appearance. Masonry nation that was optimistic, expansive, and mindful of posterity, the Greek brought an architecture of beauty, breadth, simplicity, and permanence. smooth, are joints is at a high level; sur- are fine and even.

Basic house plan freestanding or in a row and joined by party walls is a rectangle, typi- The — cally set short side to the street [66]. unit in a 38 row may be larger and have The corner a side ell [73] GREEK REVIVAL D The freestanding two-story townhouse may be flanked by one-story wings [64]. When the plan is of the four-room five-bay type, entry is through the central stair hall, whether the dwelling faces the front [71; 76] or the side of its lot [67]. Rear wings create an L, T, or irregular plan [77, 78].

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A Field Guide to American Architecture by Carole Rifkind

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