By Annmarie Adams
Adams argues that the numerous major adjustments visible during this interval have been due to not architects' efforts yet to the paintings of feminists and well-being reformers. opposite to the generally held trust that the house symbolized a safe haven and refuge to Victorians, Adams finds that middle-class homes have been truly thought of toxic and unsafe and explores the involvement of physicians in exposing " dangerous" structure and designing better family environments. She examines the contradictory roles of middle-class girls as either regulators of fit homes and assets of illness and risk inside of their very own houses, quite in the course of childbirth. "Architecture within the family members approach" sheds gentle on an ambiguous interval within the histories of structure, medication, and girls, revealing it to be a time of turmoil, no longer of development and reform as is frequently assumed.
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Extra info for Architecture in the Family Way: Doctors, Houses, and Women, 1870-1900
Many doctors even designed buddings. “ It was not unusual, in the 1870s and 1880s, for doctors to design model houses for the public to visit, or to prescribe the use o f materials and the proper orientation for new buildings. Like Teale, many Victorian doctors lec tured on the design o f healthy houses. The physicians’ apparent expertise in assessing the delicate relationship o f health to the environment, in the guise o f a more “scientific approach” to architecture, appealed to a mid dle-class population that was desperate for new solutions to seemingly insoluble health problems.
Drains and cesspools, said the sanitarians, often leaked into wells and ground water, and they gave examples o f these leak ages in their publications. For instance, Dr T. Pridgin Ieale claimed that an outbreak of typhoid at a boys’ school was caused by the connection Adams, A.. Architecture in the Family Way : Doctors, Houses and Men, 1S7G-19GG. : McGill-Queen's University Press, . ppg=45 Copyright © McGill-Queen's University Press. All rights reserved. S. or applicable copyright law. 14 S id Chamber (steel engraving after Robert Walter Weir, unknown source, c.
McGill-Queen's University Press, . ppg=4G Copyright © McGill-Queen's University Press. All rights reserved. S. or applicable copyright law. " In addition, the walls were decorated with arsenical wallpaper. The next floor saw the direct connection o f the rainwater and soil pipes. The attic level illus trated the dangers of an inaccessible water cistern; from this floor, visitors also witnessed the soil pipe releasing sewer gas just outside the bedroom windows. From this level the visitors, who by now were concerned about the re semblance o f this architecture to that o f their own homes - and who were often “deeply depressed,” according to one account - would pass over what presumably was some form o f bridge to the uppermost floor o f the second model, the Sanitary D w e l l i n g .
Architecture in the Family Way: Doctors, Houses, and Women, 1870-1900 by Annmarie Adams