Download PDF by Larry Arnhart: Darwinian natural right: the biological ethics of human

By Larry Arnhart

ISBN-10: 0791436942

ISBN-13: 9780791436943

This publication exhibits how Darwinian biology helps an Aristotelian view of ethics as rooted in human nature. protecting a belief of "Darwinian typical correct" in accordance with the declare that the great is the fascinating, the writer argues that there are a minimum of twent

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Extra resources for Darwinian natural right: the biological ethics of human nature

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On the contrary, it might seem that what makes human beings uniquely moral animals is that they can choose to resist those natural desires that violate standards of moral duty. Page 8 As human beings, it often seems, we are naturally selfish animals. We are naturally inclined to lie, steal, and even kill to satisfy our selfish desires while exploiting our fellow human beings. But we can learn to restrain our egoistic desires when they violate our moral duties to others. And since the preservation of social order requires that people respect their social duties, every society must enforce some rules of social cooperation.

This is not true for inanimate entities. We might explain a thunderstorm, for instance, as a physical and chemical system that sustains itself for a period of time and then dissipates, but we could not properly speak of its relative success or failure in achieving its goals. " If we define "value'' or "good" in relational terms as whatever satisfies a desire, then all animals have "values" because they all have natural desires that they strive to satisfy as they gather information about their world.

Human culture. As an expression of the uniquely human capacity for learning, human beings are the only cultural animals. Whatever human beings learn they can share with one another through language and other forms of symbolism, and this collection of social symbols can be passed from one generation to another as the cultural tradition of a social group. Language, ideas, artifacts, and patterns of customary behavioranything that can have symbolic meaning for human beingscan become parts of a culture.

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Darwinian natural right: the biological ethics of human nature by Larry Arnhart

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