By Geza G. Xeravits
This can be an evaluate of dualistic considering within the Qumran fabric written by means of prime individuals within the mild of 2 many years of Qumran learn. the significance of dualistic considering in the ''Dead Sea Scrolls'' has regularly been emphasized in ''Qumran Studies''. however, within the final twenty years the examine on Qumran dualism turns out to were at the margins of scholarly curiosity. the most results of modern examine during this zone is aid for the conviction that one can't postulate compelling doctrines within the 'theology of Qumran' - the gang didn't want to strengthen a worldly doctrinal procedure; relatively, they gathered and mediated numerous facets of the theology in their occasions. seeing that almost the entire Qumran fabric has been released, it's now apposite to guage numerous oft-debated themes of scholarly examine. The subject of 'dualism in Qumran' is one such region wanting clean research. The members of the current quantity start this paintings and open up new fields that would stimulate extra mirrored image at the challenge, assessing such matters as: the starting place of Qumran's dualism; the literary development of the passages in query; and the social/ideological atmosphere of the dualistic passages in the Qumran Library. ''The Library of moment Temple Studies'' is a finest ebook sequence that gives state-of-the-art paintings for a readership of students, lecturers, postgraduate scholars and complex undergraduates within the box of moment Temple stories. all of the many and various features of moment Temple research are represented and promoted, together with cutting edge paintings from old views, experiences utilizing social-scientific and literary conception, and constructing theological, cultural and contextual ways.
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Additional info for Dualism in Qumran
Several texts, however, personify wisdom. Referring to wisdom, 4QBeatitudes claims ‘she cannot be obtained with gold,’ presenting wisdom as superior to items of value, much like Prov. 26 4Q525 24 ii preserves portions of a poem in which a female speaker, in the first person, ‘pours out’ speech, as does Woman Wisdom in Prov. 1:23. This small fragment is the only Qumran text that can be reasonably construed as describing personified wisdom uttering speech in the Qumran corpus. The woman of 4Q525 24 ii has a domicile that is associated with agricultural abundance and water, evoking the banquet at the house of Woman Wisdom in Prov.
Ch. 7 show analogy with the Canaanite myth of the conflict with the forces of chaos, and the pattern of four kingdoms in Dan. ’ This may be true, but Collins does not argue that this indicates that the author of Daniel has taken over Canaanite or Persian religious theology related to these myths. 24 Barr, ‘The question,’ 211, states that Persian loanwords in Hebrew and Jewish Aramaic of the earlier period seldom show signs of acquaintance with the major ideological systems of the Iranian people.
Initially, most scholars did not dare to contradict the general trend and the few contrary voices were ignored. Only later did scholars realize that most of the assumed dualism within Qumran texts cannot be considered as representing cosmic dualism, and proposed a number of different dualisms – psychological, ethical, etc. Yet despite these limitations and the many questions that arose as a result of a meticulous scrutiny of the relevant texts, the label ‘dualism’ seems to be indelible, possibly also motivated by an ideological preconception to perceive a trend or even a shift towards a new direction in Israelite doctrines.
Dualism in Qumran by Geza G. Xeravits