By David Gibbings
The Fairey Rotodyne used to be a wide British compound helicopter designed and equipped by way of the Fairey Aviation corporation and meant for advertisement and armed forces purposes. It used to be thought of to be one of many iconic aviation tasks of the 1950s/60s and a vibrant destiny was once deliberate for the airplane. greatly accredited to be a innovative layout, it used to be economically practicable, quick and in a position to vertical take-off and touchdown from urban centre heliports. in spite of the fact that, regardless of the confirmed feasibility of this daring idea, the Rotodyne venture used to be terminated in 1962 because of escalating improvement bills and unresolved technical matters. This publication seeks to fill a spot in aviation literature at the background of the Rotodyne, an airplane sooner than its time.
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Extra info for Fairey Rotodyne
Provision was made for fuel to be carried in four tanks, arranged between the wing spars, one inboard 170 gallons/773ltrs, and one 193 gallons/877ltrs outboard of each engine nacelle, all feeding to a 30 gallon/136ltrs collector tank, situated in the pylon. The leading edge of the wing, inboard of the nacelles, was built up of full-depth pressed plate ribs, suitably cut away to house the tip-jet air ducting, forward of which was a sub-spar. Between this sub-spar and the extreme leading edge, a tunnel was formed through which all services to the engines passed.
The floor of the cabin was carried on the fuselage frames, which were increased in depth to take all bending loads to each side of the fuselage. Intercostal stiffeners were spaced between the frames to reduce the size of unsupported floor area. The floor was made up of readily detachable panels of sandwich construction, which were easily replaceable in the event of damage. At the rear, the fuselage structure terminated in a frame immediately aft of the horizontal tail surface. From this point the fuselage fairing was completed by a pair of clamshell doors, carried on vertical hinges from the rear fuselage frame, and arranged to open hydraulically.
The cockpit of XE521 included a lot of additional test instrumentation but, even so, offered superb all-round vision. The proposed layout for the production aircraft can be seen on page 112. Pilot’s Cabin The pilot’s control cabin was provided for two pilots seated side by side, such that the aircraft could be operated from either seat. The flying controls followed the normal conventional helicopter layout of cyclic control and collective lever.
Fairey Rotodyne by David Gibbings