By R. Rummel (auth.), Jakob Flury, Reiner Rummel (eds.)
Currently, a primary iteration of devoted satellite tv for pc missions for the correct mapping of the Earth’s gravity box is in orbit (CHAMP, GRACE, and shortly GOCE). The gravity facts from those satellite tv for pc missions supply us with very new details at the dynamics of planet Earth. particularly, at the mass distribution within the Earth’s inside, the total water cycle (ocean circulate, ice mass stability, continental water lots, and atmosphere), and on adjustments within the mass distribution.
The effects are interesting, yet nonetheless tough with recognize to spatial and temporal answer. Technical growth in satellite-to-satellite monitoring and in gravity gradiometry will permit extra specified leads to the long run. during this designated factor, Earth scientists improve visions of destiny functions in response to follow-on high-precision satellite tv for pc gravimetry missions.
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80–86, FUTURE SATELLITE GRAVIMETRY FOR GEODESY 29 Prague, 2–5 June 1999, Vero¨ﬀentlichung der Bayer. Komm. fu¨r die Internationale Erdmessung, Mu¨nchen. Schwarz, K. , Knickmeyer, E. : 1992, Requirements for airborne vector gravimetry, in From Mars to Greenland, IAG symposium 1991, Springer, pp. 273– 283. Schrama, E. J. : 2003, in: G. Beutler, M. Drinkwater, R. Rummel and R. ), Earth Gravity Field from Space: From Sensors to Earth Sciences, Space Sciences Series of the ISSI 18, Kluwer, pp. 179–194.
174, AIAA Reston. Committee on Earth Gravity from Space (1997). Satellite Gravity and the Geosphere. C: National Academy Press. Cox, C. M. and Chao, B. : 2002, Science. 297, 831–833. Denker, H. : 1998, The European Gravimetric Quasigeoid EGG97, in International Association of Geodesy Symposia, Vol. 119, Geodesy on the Move, Springer. ESA, European Space Agency: 1999, Gravity Field and Steady-State Ocean Circulation Mission (GOCE), Report for mission selection, SP-1233 (1), Noordwijk. : 2002, Schwerefeldfunktionale im Gebirge: Modellierungsgenauigkeit, Messpunktdichte und Darstellungsfehler am Beispiel des Testnetzes Estergebirge, Deutsche Geodaetische Kommission, Series C 557, Mu¨nchen.
2. Global Water Balance Until present, the global and continental water balance is not known with suﬃcient accuracy neither in its temporal variation nor for its mean annual values. Values diﬀer considerably for diﬀerent data sources (see Figures 1 and 3). This uncertainty is due to the diﬃculty of direct measurements of the climatic components of the water cycle (precipitation and evaporation) at the land surface in terms of the spatial coverage and density of measurement points. Problems also arise with the accurate measurement of river discharge on the global scale, especially for the main contributing river systems of the world with large discharge volumes.
Future Satellite Gravimetry and Earth Dynamics by R. Rummel (auth.), Jakob Flury, Reiner Rummel (eds.)