By Organisation for economic co-operation and development
This ebook is a part of ongoing paintings in the OECD’s Directorate for Agriculture at the structural and behavioural adjustments within the agro-food method. Agri-food provide chains have gone through vital structural alterations because the Nineteen Nineties that experience altered the way in which organizations do enterprise. some of the most notable alterations is the continuing upward push within the scale of operations of foodstuff enterprises in any respect issues alongside the availability chain, so much particularly in nutrients retailing. the increase of retail focus has resulted in the worry that outlets may well abuse their industry energy vis-à-vis different actors with smaller marketplace stocks, particularly farmers and shoppers. This learn addresses this drawback in methods. First, it describes fresh adjustments in retail focus and the similar alterations in retail procuring behaviour. moment, it exhibits, in an illustrative method, how you can potentially pursue empirical research of even if retail trading behaviour hazards either providers, between that are farmers, and shoppers.
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Additional resources for Supermarkets and the Meat Supply Chain. The Economic Impact of Food Retail on Farmers, Processors and Consumers
The Meat Supply Chain – 45 Consumption and retail Canadians currently consume approximately 78 kg of meat annually (carcass weight basis). Since the 1970s, there is persistent shift from beef to poultry consumption. Beef consumption has declined with more one third from 36 to 22 kilos since 1975, while poultry consumption has doubled in the same period to 36 kilos. Pork consumption has been more or less constant at 20 kilos. Although most poultry is distributed through retail outlets (62%), the share of food service is significant (38%).
Dutch production of pork and poultry is primarily export oriented, but also serves the home market. 12 illustrate that the Dutch meat supply chain is integrated into a wider geographical setting: exports and imports are substantial. There is little trade in live animals with the exception of pigs: 30% of the domestic supply of pigs is exported to other European countries, predominantly Germany. There is substantial trade in meat. Exports amount to 40-65% of domestic supply. Imports are substantially smaller with the exception of beef.
In order to do so properly, (limited) additional questionnaires are necessary. Moreover, the number of observations per industry may need further attention. SUPERMARKETS AND THE MEAT SUPPLY CHAIN: THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF FOOD RETAIL ON FARMERS, PROCESSORS AND CONSUMERS – ISBN-92-64-028870 © OECD 2006 Chapter 1. 12. a. a. a. 3% United States 1990 2002 Poultry Belgium United Kingdom 2002 Pigs 1990 na = not available. German data refer to 1995 and 2002 rather than 1990 and 2002. US data refer to 1994-1995 and 2001.
Supermarkets and the Meat Supply Chain. The Economic Impact of Food Retail on Farmers, Processors and Consumers by Organisation for economic co-operation and development