By Peter Janich (auth.), Wolfgang Krohn, Edwin T. Layton Jr., Peter Weingart (eds.)
The interrelations of technological know-how and expertise as an item of research appear to have drawn the eye of a couple of disciplines: the heritage of either technology and expertise, sociology, economics and monetary heritage, or even the philosophy of technology. The query that involves brain is whether or not the phenomenon itself is new or if advances within the disciplines concerned account for this novel curiosity, or, in truth, if either are intercon nected. whilst the editors got down to plan this quantity, their roughly specific conviction used to be that the connection of technology and know-how did exhibit a brand new configuration and that the disciplines involved in 1tS research failed not less than partly to accommodate the switch due to conceptual and methodological preconceptions. to assert this doesn't suggest a verdict at the insufficiency of 1 and the prevalence of the other one disciplinary technique. fairly, the location is far extra advanced. In economics, for instance, the curiosity within the courting among technology and know-how is deeply encouraged via the theoretical challenge of accounting for the criteria of monetary development. the first crisis is with expertise and the matter is whether or not the industry induces technological advances or whether or not they result in new calls for that designate the next diffusion of recent applied sciences. technological know-how is mostly thought of to be an exogenous issue indirectly topic to marketplace forces and, for that reason, seems to be of no interest.
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Extra info for The Dynamics of Science and Technology: Social Values, Technical Norms and Scientific Criteria in the Development of Knowledge
The American Society of Lubrication Engineers was formed in 40 Ron Johnston 1944, and by 1954 the subject of lubrication engineering was being taught to undergraduates at Imperial College, London (65). However, Dowson (66) has argued that the industrial developments of the post-war period posed a series of qualitatively new questions for mechanical engineers. High speed rotating machinery, more severely loaded reciprocating machinery and hostile working environments were increasingly causing breakdown and failure in production hardware.
Whether the natural phenomena are repeated is, by their very definition, not subject to human intervention. It now remains to show in which sense physics, which on the one hand has to do with technology and on the other hand with natural phenomena Physics - Natural Science or Technology? 23 in branches like astronomy or meteorology, deals also with 'nature', that is, describes states of nature 'natural laws' (f) Nature Up to now the word nature meant the domain of phenomena not caused or produced by men.
Indeed one of the specific claims for the establishment oftribology was the saving of £515m per annum. The socioeconomic and more specifically political mediation of the goal component of the cognitive structure of the traditionally 'basic' sciences are less evident, but have been demonstrated in a number of cases (92). The following case of solar energy research offers an excellent illustration of the scientific and socio-economic mediation of high level goals. Solar Energy As previously stated, it can be argued that the high level goal of solar energy research is "making the sun work for mankind by exacting large amounts of useful energy from solar radiation" (93).
The Dynamics of Science and Technology: Social Values, Technical Norms and Scientific Criteria in the Development of Knowledge by Peter Janich (auth.), Wolfgang Krohn, Edwin T. Layton Jr., Peter Weingart (eds.)