By Fernando Vidal
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Additional resources for The Sciences of the Soul - The Early Modern Origins of Psychology
Other philosophes took up the same argument with a different inflection. ”46 At the beginning of the nineteenth century, Dominique–Joseph Garat, who taught at the écoles normales created during the French Revolution, regarded the word “psychology” as unfit to replace “metaphysics,” with its obscure connotations. ”48 This critique was leveled at the notion of the soul almost to the same extent as at syllogisms and Latin. Writing at the end of the Enlightenment, Condorcet, Destutt de Tracy, and Garat simply applied post–Lockean commonplaces to psychology, seen as nothing but theologico–Scholastic speculations on the nature of the soul.
The method established an intrinsic link between logic and vision. Ramist tables became a typographical vogue in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and, as a pedagogical tool, were extremely widespread, especially in German Protestant universities. The encyclopedias of the period also owe much to them. It was initially in these contexts, and for reasons of pedagogical convenience, that the term psychologia first circulated. Within the organization of knowledge at the time, the study of the soul occupied an ambiguous position: it was the first science of Aristotelian natural philosophy, yet it did not seem to constitute an autonomous discipline.
Brown, Saskia. II. Title. 48-1992 (Permanence of Paper). THE SCIENCES OF THE SOUL The Early Modern Origins of Psychology FERNANDO VIDAL Translated by SASKIA BROWN THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS CHICAGO AND LONDON CONTENTS Cover Copyright List of Figures and Tables Ad Limen 1. The “Century of Psychology” Psychology as a “discipline” A long past but a short history? 2. “Psychology” in the Sixteenth Century: A Project in the Making? The function of the neologism “psychology” Aristotelianism and Galenism Psychologia and the scientia de anima Rudolph Goclenius’s Psychologia 3.
The Sciences of the Soul - The Early Modern Origins of Psychology by Fernando Vidal